An Ultimate Guide To Use Mini Excavators in 2022

HIOSEN midi excavator


Are you the one who is looking for a mini excavator for trenching, backfilling, leveling, drilling, removing stumps, and gardening? Here we can help you by solving all your problems. An excavator is one of the most critical pieces of equipment for a work site. Mini excavators are the best mobile vehicles for tight spaces.


Here you will discover all the outstanding features of mini excavators. Also, you will get to know about the ultimate guide to operating an excavator. All you need is to keep reading the article till the end. So let’s dig in! Mini excavators are also compact excavators; they are the perfect moving vehicles that play various roles on the construction site.

The different arrangements allow a variety of uses and improve its working ability to meet all your requirements. A  mini excavator with its arm, rotating cabs, bucket, and moveable tracks made any work easier that required digging and trenching.

Compact excavators have several uses, which is why they are considered so valuable on construction sites. Especially any project that requires demolition is made easier with a mini excavator.

Moreover, a mini excavator must be operated by someone that has been fully trained and understands its proper use. Yes, they are small, but still, they can be very dangerous. A compact excavator can maneuver in small spaces. It is outstanding for landscaping. A mini excavator is the best moving automobile you need for your small garden.

What Are Mini Excavators? 

An excavator that weighs less than 7 metric tons is known as a compact excavator. An excavator that lies between 3,000-4,500 pounds can dig at least a 7.8-foot deep hole. They are satisfactorily suited for a wide range of demolition projects. When it comes to digging, that little digger can dig up to 8.5-foot deep holes, and load dumps more than 10-feets in the air.

This best compact excavator has a maximum life span of around 10,000 hours, but a heavy workload and low maintenance can reduce it to 8,000 hours. In its normal life span, the swing drive, hydraulic pump, swing bearings, and final drives are all the major components that will probably need to be repaired or get replaced.


However, the operating conditions also determine how long a compact excavator will last. Regarding maintenance, careless owners always neglect the engine’s condition, swiftly diminishing its working ability. Make sure you take good care of your machine and protect it from cracks, leakage, or worn belts.

Before buying the best excavator that fulfills all your requirements, you must learn how to use a mini excavator. Here we have an ultimate operating guide for you in 2022. So, let’s get started!

How To Use A Mini Excavator? 

Operating a mini excavator is not easy; however, a proper guide can help you to use your device easily. Here we have listed some steps to help you operate a compact excavator.


You can move forward by using two travelers in the cab. Pulling back the left joystick will maneuver the machine to the right, and pulling the right lever back will move the mining excavator to the left.


Push the excavator’s primary boom lever forward to move the boom in a forwarding direction. Once the boom is halfway through its travel range, push the dipper stick forward. Now, push the boom level forward until the bucket’s teeth touch the ground. Move the joystick until you get the perfect angle for digging.

Now, pull on the dipper stick as the bucket is filled with the target material, and pull the main boom level to raise this filled bucket away from the ground. Wriggle the boom slowly by the joystick left and right to move the excavated soil to the appropriate dumping location.


Set the stabilizers down, then push to control the lever to lower the blades. You can push this lever until the blades slightly raise the machine. If you are a beginner, set the engine’s speed between ½-⅔ until you become more familiar with it.

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What Challenges Come When Operating A Mini Excavator? 

Suppose you are a beginner and don’t know exactly how to use an excavator. There are some possible challenges that you will face while operating an excavator.

You can get stuck

  • Many beginners fail to plan properly and get stuck with a level surface all around them. The problem here is that there is no way out of the trench. What’s the solution? Make sure that you are REVERSING out of the trench. Start digging as far as you can and work toward yourself.

❌Wrong attachments

  • Many DIY-ers use the wrong attachments like buckets or plows in the front to do the job. Trust me, it never works. You should rent out a plate compactor to make the deed easier when leveling.

Starting the machine when it is not neutral

  • We all know that starting a mini excavator is easy, but doing this when the locomotive levers are not neutral can put a lot of strain on the machine. Although many new excavators don’t face this problem, some older ones face it.

Not focusing on treads.

  • You don’t need to focus on where your boom or close is facing. Always focus and remember which directions your treads are facing.

mini digger for indoor breaking

What Tasks Can You Do By Using A Mini Excavator?  

There are several tasks that a non-professional can do by using a mini excavator without much training.

Here we have listed some tasks you can easily do with compact excavator models.

  • You can plow the snow with the help of your compact excavator.
  • You can remove small tree stumps
  • Dig small holes
  • You can make a trench for planting fruits in your garden
  • Leveling the ground
  • You can lay drain pipes


Which Tasks Require Professional Operators?

After reading the article, you know what you can do with your mini excavator on your own. However, some tasks require professional operators. Here is a list of tasks that only professionals can handle.

  • Digging depth tasks such as a deeper hole like for a pool, hot tub, or a pond
  • Repairing sewer or water lines
  • Any kind of demolition work at job sites
  • Making deeper trench

Know your limits! Trust us; you can never fix a gas or electricity line on your own; always call a professional to do this; otherwise, you will face the consequences.

mini excavator operation

Tips To Operate Mini Excavators Safely 

Now because you know what not to do let’s come to the things you need to do! First of all, it is very important to select the right mini excavator for your project. It will include the selection of machine that contains the right weight, features, and specifications to fulfill your project needs.

While you are selecting the right machine, you have to decide whether you need to use a new machine or a rental one. Compare the prices and choose the one that suits your needs the most. Then you have to move forward to the main steps of operating your mini excavators.

Here we have mentioned some tips for safely operating your mini excavator or vocational trucks. So let’s get started

★ Go Through the User’s Manual

  • Before climbing into your excavator, you must go through the operator’s manual. It will families you with an excavator. In case you don’t want to go through the whole book, many mini excavator brands provide you with a map on their side. Understanding the map will help you to identify the controls & maximize productivity.
  • While going through the user manual, you also need to look for warning labels and instructions to avoid any danger.

Remember, not all mini excavators are the same! You will find differences in different brands.

★ Connect the wires properly

  • Circle your excavator and make sure you connect all the wires correctly. Check out that there is no rust on joints and more importantly, look for the warning labels. If you see any warning sticker make sure you read it correctly. They often include operating limitations. Note that features can be different based on equipment type and popular models.
  • Before operating it in the targeted area, you should check the machine by testing it on a small area. At this point, you will also realize if there are some damaged parts of the machine. You can repair them at the right moment and hence operate them safely.

★ Control assembly Of Your Mini Excavators

  • Next to your arms, you will find a control assembly. It will either flip to come near you or be shifted out of your way. There will be a lever under the seat, which will help to adjust its distance from the pedals.
  • If you pull it, you’ll find a lever in front, and a whole panel will spring up. Adjust the panel according to your height. Now push everything back into place. Look around and familiarise yourself with different controls and every other thing you see there.

★ Put on your seat belt and let’s get started

  • At that point, you must grip the joystick softly and move it around a bit. It will make you feel good. As mentioned earlier, the joystick usually controls the bucket and boom. Now grab the long lever in front of you and start moving your compact excavator. The farther you push this lever, the faster your mini excavator will move!
  • Start doing the tasks one by one and at a slow pace. Once you get a stronger grip on operating the machine, you can now quickly do the tasks.

Some well-known brands of mini excavators are John Deere, Bobcat, Hitachi, Caterpillar, Yanmar, etc.

small excavator


Mini excavators are the perfect devices to get your work done easily and swiftly. They make the job easier in tight spaces. After reading the article, you must have understood how to use a mini excavator. This article provided a proper guide to knowing which features, dig depth, and size mini excavator can be right for you.

However, choosing the best manufacturer is always important. It will decrease your workload and save you a lot of time. A reliable manufacturer of excavators bridges the gap between the buyer and the product.

Are you looking for a reliable manufacturer of excavators in 2022? You don’t need to ponder on it anymore; we are an experienced and reliable manufacturer of mini excavators. Contact us now to get your quote!

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